Excel Formulas

# PROPER Function in Excel: Explained

In this article, you will learn how to use the PROPER formula in Excel.

## What is the PROPER formula in Excel?

The PROPER function in Excel is a text function that converts a text string to proper case; which means the first letter in each word to uppercase, and all other letters to lowercase. The function takes any string or sentence as its argument and converts it into a PROPER case.

## When is the PROPER function beneficial in Excel?

The PROPER formula in Excel is a useful tool for manipulating text strings and improving the readability and consistency of data. Some uses of the PROPER function in Excel are as per below:

1. Standardizing Text: The PROPER function can be used to standardize text by capitalizing the first letter of each word in a text string. This is particularly useful when you have data that is not consistently capitalized, for example, when you have names or addresses.
2. Formatting Reports: The PROPER formula can be used to format reports or other documents by capitalizing the first letter of each word in a title or heading.
3. Data Analysis: The PROPER function can be used to analyze data that contains names or other text strings. For example, you can use the PROPER function to create a list of unique names from a larger list of names, or to sort data alphabetically based on the capitalized version of the text.

## How to use the PROPER function in Excel

1. Select the cell where you want to display the text in proper case.
2. Enter the following formula into the cell: =PROPER(
3. Input a text string that you wish to convert manually or refer to a cell containing the text
4. The cell should now display the input string in proper case with first letter of every word capitalized

Syntax:

``=PROPER(text)``

where input is the string which you want to convert to the PROPER format.

See below for how the formula is used:

## Analyze your live financial data in a snap in Google Sheets

Are you learning this formula to visualize financial data, build a financial model, or conduct financial analysis? In that case, LiveFlow may help you automate manual workflows, update numbers in real-time, and save time. You can access various financial templates on our website, from the simple Income Statement to Multi-Currency Consolidated Financial Statement. Are you interested in this product but are an Excel user? That’s not a problem at all. You can connect Google Sheets to Excel quickly.