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Excel Formulas

LOWER Function in Excel: Explained

In this article, you will learn how to use the LOWER formula in Excel.


What can you do with the LOWER formula in Excel?

The LOWER function in Excel is used to convert a text string to all lowercase letters.


When do you use the LOWER function in Excel?

The LOWER formula can be a useful tool for comparing & cleaning data, and normalizing text in Excel. Some common uses can be as below:

  1. Compare data: If you need to compare text strings in Excel, you may want to convert them all to lowercase first to ensure that capitalization does not affect the results.
  2. Data cleaning: The LOWER function can also be used to clean up data by removing duplicate values. For example, if you have a column of email addresses with mixed case, you can use the LOWER function to convert them all to lowercase and then use the Remove Duplicates feature to remove any duplicates.
  3. Normalize data: The LOWER function can be used to convert all text in a column to lowercase, which can help you normalize data and ensure consistency.


How to use the LOWER function in Excel

  1. Select the cell where you want to display the lowercase text.
  2. Type the following formula into the cell: =LOWER(
  3. Input a text string that you want to convert manually or refer to a cell containing the text 
  4. The cell should now display the lowercase version of the input string



The picture below shows how the LOWER formula converts the original letters into all lowercase letters.

How to use the LOWER function in Excel


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