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Google Sheets Formulas

How to Make All Letters Lowercase in Google Sheets

In this article, you will learn how to make all your letters lowercase with the LOWER function in Google Sheets. This formula is helpful when you need to make all letters lowercase across a data set.

How to change all letters to lowercase in Google Sheets

  1. Type “=LOWER” or go to “Insert”“Function”“Text”“LOWER”.
  2. Input a text value by cell reference or manual input.
  3. Press the “Enter” key.
How to insert the LOWER function from the menu bar in Google Sheets

The generic syntax is as follows:


Text: This is a text string in which you make a change.

See the following examples. Whatever cases of all letters in a selected text string, the LOWER formula makes all letters lowercase. The last example shows manual input of a text value, “ABC”.

How the LOWER function works in Google Sheets

How do you change cases in sheets?

Other than the LOWER function, there are two major formulas, the PROPER and UPPER formulas, that change the cases of letters of a text string. The PROPER function makes the first letter uppercase and the rest of the letters lowercase. The UPPER formula gets all letters uppercase. Read this article to learn the PROPER function and this post to know about the UPPER formula.

Learn how to do this step-by-step in the video below 👇

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