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Excel Formulas

ROW Function in Excel: Explained

In this article, you will learn how to use the ROW formula in Excel. The ROW function simply returns the row number of a particular cell.

What does the ROW formula in Excel do?

The "ROW" function in Excel is useful for returning the row number of a specified cell or range of cells. It can be used in various ways, some of which are:

  1. Finding the row number: The ROW formula can be used to find the row number of a cell reference. For instance, =ROW(B8) will return the number 8, as the cell B8 is in the eighth row.
  2. Conditional formatting: The ROW function can be used in conditional formatting to apply formatting based on the row number. For example, to apply a different background color to every other row, use the formula =MOD(ROW(),2)=0 in the conditional formatting rule.
  3. Creating dynamic labels: The ROW function can be used in conjunction with the CONCATENATE function to create dynamic labels. For example, =CONCATENATE("Item ",ROW()) will return "Item 1" in the first row containing the formula, and this formula can be dragged down rows to create labels for each item.

How to use the ROW function in Excel?

The syntax for the ROW function in Excel is as follows:


Reference: is the cell for which you want to find the Row number

Note 1: The argument "reference" is optional, and it specifies the cell or range of cells for which you want to return the row number. If you don't specify a reference, Excel will assume that you want to return the row number for the cell in which the formula is located.

Note 2: If you enter an array as the “reference” parameter, the ROW function returns the row numbers of the array as a vertical array. So, make sure you have enough vertical spaces for the returned values.

Note 3: The “reference” argument can’t be multiple fields

Some examples where ROW formula has been used are as follows

How to use ROW formula with examples in Excel

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