What is Gearing? All You Need to Know

July 15, 2022

What is Gearing? All You Need to Know

Gearing is an important concept in accounting, investing, and business finance. It measures a company's debt capacity and helps illuminate how strong a company's financials are, when compared to its debt. This measures a company's ability to cover interest payments on their debts with their profits.

This brief article will explain the concept of gearing in more detail, and answer some important questions, such as what is gearing in accounting, what is a good gearing ration, and much more.

Gearing Definition

Gearing refers to the proportion of equity in an organization over its debts. It is an analysis tool used by investors and lenders to examine a company's financial status. Gearing ratio is also known as the capitalization ratio or the debt-to-equity ratio. The gearing ratio shows how a business can use credit for its growth or expansion depending on what it can afford or rather, its debt level.

What is meant by gearing in accounting?

To answer this question, we first need to answer, “what is gearing ratio?” Well, gearing ratio is the ratio of debt to equity. It's a measure of how much of a company's capital comes from debt and how much comes from shareholders. The gearing ratio is calculated by dividing total liabilities by total assets. This number tells you how many times the assets are financed by debt.

For example: If a company has $1 million in assets and $300,000 in liabilities, its gearing ratio is 3:1 (300,000 / 1,000,000). It has $3 of debt for every $1 of equity.

A high value for this ratio usually indicates that a company has little room to borrow money and grow further without using more shareholder money as well. A low value usually means that there is plenty of room for expansion with little or no additional shareholder investment needed.

What is a good gearing ratio?

The ideal gearing ratio depends on the circumstances of each company. In general, it's best to have a low gearing ratio because it means that you have more equity invested in your business and less debt. A high gearing ratio may suggest that you're over-leveraged and vulnerable to financial problems

What is gearing in investment?

The term gearing is also used in the world of investments, although in this context the term is used to describe the level of leverage in an investment. It’s often expressed as a percentage and refers to how much of your capital is being borrowed to make the investment.

For example, if you borrow $100,000 to invest in shares, then your gearing is 100%. You can also use gearing in other forms such as bonds or property investments. The higher your gearing ratio, the riskier your investment becomes because you’re more exposed to sudden changes in price.


A gearing ratio is the relationship between debt and equity in a company. It's just a way of measuring how much debt is being used in relation to the amount of equity in the business.

Keep in mind that If you want to keep track of important business finance metrics, such as gearing then it’s a good idea to use a financial tool, such as LiveFlow. So, if you want to automate and simplify your business accounting, then be sure to check out LiveFlow today.

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