Net Cash Flow: Formula, Definition and Examples

July 20, 2022

Net Cash Flow: Formula, Definition and Examples

Net cash flow is a measure of a company's ability to generate cash. It's the difference between the amount of money a company brings in from its operating activities and how much it spends on investing activities, such as buying property and equipment.

Cash flow isn't limited to just the net income figure reported in financial statements. It can include other sources of cash, such as proceeds from selling assets or shares issued as dividends.

The net cash flow figure indicates whether a company has enough cash on hand to pay its obligations and meet its short-term needs. But it doesn't tell you whether the business will be able to generate enough profits over time to be able to pay its long-term obligations like debt payments and pension expenses.

What is net cash flow example?

Net cash flow is the difference between your income and expenses. It's a measure of your cash flow over a period of time.

Net cash flow is often calculated at the end of the year, or on a monthly basis. The calculation involves adding up all the money you received during the year and subtracting any payments or expenses you made during that time period.

For example, if you have $10,000 in income and $2,000 in expenses, then your net cash flow is $8,000 ($10,000 - $2,000). This means that you had positive cash flow of $8,000 during the year.

How is net cash flow calculated?

Net cash flow is a financial statement that calculates the amount of liquid assets that a business has. This figure shows the difference between incoming and outgoing funds, and it helps investors determine if a company can pay off its debt.

Net cash flow is calculated by subtracting all expenses from revenues. For example, if a company has $100 in revenue and $50 in expenses, its net cash flow is $50.

The calculation of net cash flow is important because it helps investors determine whether or not a company has enough money to pay off its debts. If the company generates more than enough income for these payments, then it's in a good position to fulfill its obligations. If not, then it may need to raise capital or reduce spending in order to meet those obligations

What is net cash flow formula?

The net cash flow formula is a financial calculation that measures the difference between the cash coming into your business and the cash going out of it. It's an important metric because it shows how much money is available to use for new projects or growth.

To find net cash flow, subtract all your expenses from all your revenue, then divide by the number of months in a year:

Cash Flow = Revenue – Expenses

For example, if you earn $1,000 over three months but spend $1,500 during that same period, your net cash flow would be negative: -$500.

The formula gives you an idea of whether you're making or losing money at any given point in time. It also helps you analyze how well different parts of your business are performing and how they relate to one another.

What is the difference between cash flow and net cash flow?

Cash flow is the amount of money you have in your bank account after paying your bills. Net cash flow is the amount of money you have left over after paying your bills.

People often use these two terms interchangeably, but they can mean different things depending on how they're used:

Cash flow: The amount of money coming into or going out of a business as indicated by the net change in its operating funds during a period, usually expressed in terms of cash, e.g. $5,000 per month.

Net cash flow: The difference between cash inflows and outflows for a business, usually expressed as an annual figure such as $100,000 per year.


Net cash flow is one of the most important financial metrics for a business. It measures the amount of cash that a company generates after taking into account all of its expenses and investments.

The net cash flow metric measures the amount of cash that your business has available to pay off debt, make future investments, or distribute to shareholders as dividends.

Net cash flow is calculated by adding up all of the revenue generated by a business over a certain period and subtracting any costs incurred during that same period.


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